Water e-Journal

Water e-Journal

Water e-Journal is the premier online hub for water, science and technical paper publication in Australia.

All technical papers that are submitted will be considered for publication in Water e-Journal, with one-page Executive Summaries also considered for publication in ‘Current’ magazine.

Each paper goes through a rigorous quality control and peer-review evaluation process before being published.

Submitted papers are tabled at monthly technical editorial meetings where they are assigned to referees. The papers are peer-reviewed, with reviewers suggesting amendments if necessary. Once amendments are made by the author, the paper is edited, designed and published online in Water e-Journal. Executive Summaries are also published online, with links through to the full papers.

Technical papers should be submitted along with a 500-word Executive Summary, the relevant data and high-resolution graphics or images to journal@awa.asn.au.

Please see the Submission Guidelines for details on word count, style and other requirements, or email journal@awa.asn.au for more information.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARIES


VOLUME 1 – ISSUE 4


   MAXIMISING SEWERAGE ASSET DATA: A DESKTOP TOOL TO RANK SEWAGE PUMP STATION CAPACITY
A data-driven decision making tool to monitor critical sewerage infrastructures
F Bressan, S Zhong, N Turich
The electronic age – or as some term it, the Fourth Industrial Revolution1 – has propelled the amount of available data being recorded. This is no different for a water utility such as the South Australian Water ...

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digital strategy
   A DIGITAL STRATEGY FOR LAND DEVELOPMENT
How Yarra Valley Water saved costs, optimised resources and enhanced online customer experience through their easyACCESS portal
A Alchin
Yarra Valley Water (YVW) has implemented the easyACCESS system, with an industry first FICO (Fair Isaacs Corporation) business rules engine to map processes and streamline the decision-making for the ...

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Bacteria detection
   DETECTION METHODS FOR FAECAL CONTAMINATION EVENTS: THE GAP FOR AUSTRALIA
Trends in pathogen detection and recent developments in the field of pathogenic bacteria detection
J Chapman, A Anastasi, A Power, S Chandra, L Voss, P Rajapaksha and S Cosford
This review paper analyses the trends in pathogen detection and other recent developments in the field. The detection of pathogenic microorganisms is essential to end-users of water systems, particularly if the ...

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Water supply catchments
   AIDING WATER UTILITIES CONSIDERING DEVELOPMENT PLANNING WITHIN OPEN WATER SUPPLY CATCHMENT
Top ten learnings from planning tribunals in Victoria regarding development within open potable water supply catchments
K Billington, D Deere
Victoria has specific statutory planning provisions for developments on land in an open drinking water catchment. As a referral authority, water utilities can object to a planning permit application where the risk to ...

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Rainwater tanks
   USING MARKET BASED INSTRUMENTS TO DELIVER COST-EFFECTIVE STORMWATER MANAGEMENT OUTCOMES
Outcomes from an innovative pilot study
J Cheesman, L Harvey, CJ Walsh
This paper reports the results of a market-based instrument (MBI) pilot, an outcome-based auction, for installing rainwater tanks on homes in Dobsons Creek which runs through the peri-urban community of the ...

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Construction of community garden beds on Melbourne Water land
   OUR SPACE, YOUR PLACE: OPENING WATER UTILITY LAND FOR LIVEABILITY
A new online application from Melbourne Water
K Naylor
Melbourne Water is the largest land owner in Victoria after the crown, and our land is now available for projects that benefit the wider community. Big or small, short- or long-term, we are interested in a wide variety ...

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Business Representatives at a Design Workshop
   BUSINESS-CENTRIC CHANGE MANAGEMENT
How a business-centric change management approach delivered positive project outcomes for Yarra Valley Water
M-L Han
With often-massive investments made by businesses when implementing new information technology (IT) systems, there’s an ever-increasing interest in successful IT projects. This paper shares the lessons learnt ...

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Recent water and sewerage infrastructure upgrades in one Aboriginal community
   NEW SOUTH WALES ABORIGINAL COMMUNITIES WATER AND SEWERAGE PROGRAM
Improving the health and wellbeing of Aboriginal people living in discrete communities by providing safe and effective water and sewerage services
W Henderson, P Byleveld, J Standen, S Leask
The New South Wales Aboriginal Communities Water and Sewerage Program aims to improve the health and wellbeing of Aboriginal people living in discrete communities by providing safe and effective water and ...

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Launch of new online map for leaks and breaks
   LAUNCH OF NEW ONLINE MAP FOR LEAKS AND BREAKS
How Sydney Water is keeping their customers at the heart of what they do
P Ambrosoli
Sydney Water supplies over 1.4 billion litres of drinking water to homes and businesses each day through a network of over 21,000 kilometres of watermains.  Both planned and unplanned water outages cause customer ...

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Channel widening near Alexandra Canal outfall (artist’s impression)
   GREEN SQUARE: PROTECTING COMMUNITIES AND ENABLING URBAN RENEWAL THROUGH EFFECTIVE FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT
An outline of an innovative design and construction solution, including a new 2.5km underground stormwater drain.
N Taylor, D Kent, K Woodbury, M Lewis, S Muralitharan
The Green Square Stormwater Drain (GSSD) is the culmination of a strategic alignment between City of Sydney and Sydney Water to provide flood protection in the Green Square area. Through a complex process ...

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VOLUME 1 – ISSUE 3


   CATCHMENT MANAGEMENT INVESTMENT STANDARD
An overview of the key findings from the ‘Source Catchments as Water Quality Treatment Assets Project’
C Wearing, J Cheesman, S Skull, G Ramachandran, K Henderson
Water utilities undertake catchment management for a variety of reasons. Catchment management programs may be a regulatory requirement to complement conventional water treatment, or they may be voluntary...

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   IMPROVED TRADE WASTE CO-DIGESTION
A trial showing that digestion with recuperative thickening is effective to reduce digester process inhibition risks and improve FOG loading rate in municipal digesters.
JH Thiele, P Burt, M Monaghan
The combined anaerobic digestion (co-digestion) of municipal wastewater treatment plant biosolids and trade waste (food residuals, selected industrial processing waste and grease trap waste) to biogas and...

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   KEEPING WIPES OUT OF THE PIPES
Sydney Water’s educational program to influence customer behaviour
K Smith, C Kawtal
Question: Four blue whales, 60 Tyrannosaurus Rex, 20 buses, a fully loaded Sydney train, a jumbo jet… What do all these things have in common? Answer: They are all about 500 tonnes in weight – which equates ...

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   LIVING BROOKLYN: INDUSTRIAL REMEDIATION THROUGH WATER
An Integrated Water Cycle Management (IWCM) strategy to reduce water and air pollution from the Brooklyn Industrial Precinct
S Roberts, T Dixon, A Gray, R Jones, D Browne
The Brooklyn Industrial Precinct (BIP) is a major industrial and business hub located in Melbourne’s inner west. The BIP and adjacent areas downwind suffer the highest levels of air pollution in greater Melbourne...

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   A RISK-BASED APPROACH FOR MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION OF WET-WEATHER OVERFLOWS
Managing and prioritising wet-weather overflows to deliver better, more cost-effective outcomes
C Port, F Garofalow, M Cassidy, N Abulafia, T Chen, C Cantrell
Overflow points in Sydney’s wastewater system allow excess wastewater to flow to stormwater drains or waterways in heavy rain to avoid flooding of homes and businesses. Sydney Water is regulated for...

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   ECONOMIC IMPACT OF ST JOHNS RIVER WATER QUALITY ON PROPERTY VALUES
A study examining the proximity effects of water quality on house prices in the St Johns River system in Florida, US
V Seidel, C Diamond, P Yacobellis, A Barker, C Cortez
The St Johns River is located on the east coast of north Florida in the US. It is approximately 500km long and 5km wide at its widest point. The river flows through 12 counties and about 3.5 million...

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   IN-SITU DESALINATION FOR CLIMATE-RESILIENT IRRIGATION DESIGN PROGRAM
Performance of two commercial membranes to configure a membrane-based subsurface irrigation system for germinating bean seeds
V Lima, P Le-Clech, G Leslie, B Sutton
The use of water with a high presence of total dissolved solids (TDS) can cause deleterious effects on both plant growth and soil quality. In order to mitigate these impacts, the removal of salts...

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   SYDNEY WATER’S CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE DESIGN PROGRAM
TRANSFORMING INTO A CUSTOMER-CENTRIC ORGANISATION
M Storey, A Nair, J Isben, R Davies, D Kernahan
To inform and support Sydney Water’s transformation to a customer-centric organisation, a Customer Experience (Cx) Design program of work was initiated. The first phase of this program was recently...

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   WSUD STRATEGIES TO MINIMISE THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND URBANISATION ON URBAN SEWERAGE SYSTEMS
A study to quantify the impacts of implementing rainwater tanks in terms of minimising SSOs
T Nasrin, N Muttil, AK Sharma
Urban drainage systems are frequently unable to cope with increasingly intense storm events, mainly due to non-stationary climate and rapid urbanisation. As drainage systems become less efficient ...

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   WATER SCARCITY AND INTERSTATE CONFLICT
NEO-MALTHUSIANISM VS. RESOURCE OPTIMISM – A SOCIAL CAPITAL APPROACH
A Kosovac
Water scarcity is an increasingly important issue in a world of changing climate and neo-Malthusians argue that it will lead to increased conflict between states. Resource optimists, who view water as far too...

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   REMOVAL OF HEAVY METALS FROM STORMWATER RUNOFF BY A PASSIVE MULTI-BARRIER TREATMENT SYSTEM
FIELD EVALUATION AT GLENCORE’S BULK STORAGE FACILITY IN PORT OF TOWNSVILLE
K Athanasiadis, P McFadyen, M Brennan
A series of white papers and articles published in peer-reviewed journals have focused on the challenge of evaluating stormwater runoff quality and the ability of commercially available stormwater runoff devices...

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   THE PARRAMATTA RIVER WATERWAY IMPROVEMENT PLAN
IMPLEMENTING WSUD STORMWATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS TO IMPROVE THE HEALTH OF THE PARRAMATTA RIVER
T Nadesan
The purpose of the Parramatta River Waterway Improvement Plan is to implement a series of integrated stormwater management projects that will help improve the ecological and social value of Parramatta River ...

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   ASSESSMENT OF IMPACTS FROM A WASTEWATER DISCHARGE IN A WHOLEOF- CATCHMENT CONTEXT
A STUDY OF THE IMPACT OF DISCHARGES FROM GISBORNE RWP IN VICTORIA ON THE HEALTH OF JACKSONS CREEK
K Hassell, C Kellar, K Townsend, M Arora, K Berg, A May, V Pettigrove
Current treated wastewater discharge licenses are quite prescriptive and focus on compliance of trigger values for certain water quality parameters (e.g. nutrients and suspended solids) in the receiving waterway to...

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VOLUME 1 – ISSUE 2


   SELLING ICE TO ESKIMOS
RETHINKING DEMAND MANAGEMENT WHEN YOU ARE NOT IN DROUGHT
C Agnew, P Mulley, N Quinn, N Thatcher, D Lambert
Sydney Water has a rich history in demand management. Water efficiency began in 1999 with Waterfix, the first and largest program in terms of customer participation. In 2007, water scarcity was the most important ...

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   BROADENING THE TARGETS FOR MICROBIAL WATER QUALITY
HOW THE CLOSE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN BACTERIA COMMUNITY COMPOSITION AND ELEVATED NUTRIENTS IN ESTUARIES COULD BE EXPLOITED
TO SELECT A RANGE OF WATER QUALITY INDICATORS
K Gibb, M Kaestli, J Smith, K McGuinness
DNA technologies give us an unprecedented opportunity to broaden microbial water quality targets for routine monitoring. It is now well understood that the conventional indicators Escherichia coli and enterococci can...

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   ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT OF WASTEWATER DISCHARGES
INFORMING SENSIBLE OUTCOMES
A Laidlaw, J Day, J Mullins
North East Water implemented an ecological risk assessment (ERA) program for wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) discharges in 2008. The aim of an ERA is to use science to determine the level of risk that a waste...

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   EVALUATION OF THE UPGRADE EFFECTS IN FOUR SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANTS IN NSW, AUSTRALIA
ANALYSING THE CONSEQUENCES OF QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE UPGRADES IN SEWAGE TREATMENT
M Lequerica, R McInnes
Bacterial contamination, dissolved oxygen depletion and eutrophication are the most common negative environmental impacts of untreated sewage discharges on rivers and freshwater streams. The intensification of...

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   UNDERSTANDING INTEGRATED URBAN WATER MANAGEMENT AS AN IDEOLOGY, METHOD AND OBJECTIVE
AN INVESTIGATION INTO INDUSTRY PERCEPTIONS OF IUWM AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION IN MELBOURNE
C Furlong, RMIT University Melbourne; S De Silva, RMIT University Melbourne; L Guthrie, RMIT University Melbourne
Over the past three years the authors have investigated the international evolution of Integrated Urban Water Management (IUWM) and its implementation within Melbourne. Research findings have shown that there may...

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   MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR AEROBIC TREATMENT UNITS AND GREYWATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS IN WA
A REVIEW OF AREAS THAT COULD BE IMPROVED AND SPECIFIC RECOMMENDATIONS OFFERED
T McGrath, N Shishkina, R Theobald, C Rodrigues
Aerobic Treatment Units (ATU) and Greywater Treatment Systems (GTS) are electrically driven onsite wastewater treatment systems (OWTS) designed to treat wastewater to secondary effluent quality standards. ATU are ...

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   WATER MANAGEMENT IN NSW AND COLOMBIA: SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES
RESULTS OF AN ANALYSIS CONDUCTED OF BOTH NSW AND COLOMBIAN FRAMEWORKS
J Canon, IPART
Due to its interstate water-sharing requirements, social, economic and environmental pressures, and dry and highly variable climatic conditions compared to international standards, New South Wales has faced challenging...

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   INDUSTRY PARTNERSHIPS IN POLAR REGIONS SCIENCE
IMPLICATIONS FOR MUNICIPAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL WATER TREATMENT
K Northcott, B Freidman, G Stevens, I Snape, K Mumford
Industry participation in water and waste management projects in polar areas presents opportunities for improvement of treatment technologies in the broader global context. For this reason it is useful for industry to build strong ...

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   DEEP OCEAN OUTFALLS – A SUSTAINABLE OPTION FOR SYDNEY
WHY DEEPWATER OCEAN OUTFALLS ARE A VIABLE SOLUTION FOR ONGOING DISPOSAL OF WASTEWATER IN SYDNEY
P Tate, C Marvell
Sydney Water’s three deep ocean outfalls (servicing the wastewater treatment plants at North Head, Bondi and Malabar) were commissioned in the early 1990s and turn 25 years of age in 2015/16. Combined, the outfalls service the...

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   ENERGY AND NUTRIENT FACTORY AT AMERSFOORT WWTP IN THE NETHERLANDS
RECOVERY OF ENERGY AND NUTRIENTS FROM WASTE-ACTIVATED SLUDGE AND WASTEWATER
L Kox, B Geraats
Amersfoort wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in The Netherlands is owned and operated by Dutch Waterboard Vallei & Veluwe. In 2013, Eliquo Water & Energy was awarded the project to upgrade the existing wastewater and sludge ...

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   ACCELERATING IMPLEMENTATION OF EXTRACTIVE NUTRIENT RECOVERY AS AN INTEGRAL COMPONENT OF SUSTAINABLE NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT                         
FINDINGS OF THE RECENTLY COMPLETED WATER ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH FOUNDATION (WERF) STUDY ON EXTRACTIVE NUTRIENT RECOVERY
S Jeyanayagam, W Khunjar, A Pramanik, C Mehta
Nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) are life-essential macronutrients. Production of synthetic fertilisers containing N and P is an energy-intensive....
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   REPORT ON ‘FRAMEWORK FOR DIRECT POTABLE REUSE’
A CRITIQUE ON THE CHAPTERS ON SOURCE CONTROL AND WASTEWATER TREATMENT
IB Law
The report Framework for Direct Potable Reuse, released in mid-2015 by the WateReuse Research Foundation in conjunction with the American Water Works Association, the Water Environment Federation and the National Water Research....
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VOLUME 1 – ISSUE 1


   THE WATER SAFETY CONTINUUM
A PRACTICAL WAY TO IMPLEMENT A HEALTH-BASED TARGET FOR MICROBIAL WATER QUALITY
R Walker
Best practice for managing drinking water quality is now accepted to be the use of Health Based Targets (HBTs). This approach is based on the fact that pathogenic microorganisms pose the greatest risk of water-borne disease, and that....
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   WESTERNPORT WATER COWES WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT UPGRADE PROJECT
A REVIEW OF CWWTP’S MASTER PLAN AND PROJECT DEVELOPMENT PHASE
C Jayasena, J Anderson
Westernport Water provides water supply and wastewater collection and treatment services to an area of 300km2 about 100km south east of Melbourne, centred on the holiday resort of Phillip Island. Although the serviced area only has a....
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   ULTRAFILTRATION MEMBRANES FOR CLARIFIER AND BACKWASH WASTEWATER
THE PILOT TRIAL RESULTS OF A GROUNDWATER CLEAN-UP PROJECT AT THE BOTANY GROUNDWATER TREATMENT PLANT IN SYDNEY
P El Jbeily, F Barendregt, K Clark, F Akkawi
The Botany Groundwater Treatment Plant (GTP), located in Sydney, NSW, forms a major component of the Groundwater Cleanup Project being undertaken by Orica and Chemicals Division (now Ixom Operations) to clean up contaminated...
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   THE MERITS OF RISK MANAGEMENT: COMPLIANCE AS AN INVESTMENT
EFFECTIVE RISK MANAGEMENT INCLUDES MANAGEMENT AND MITIGATION OF OPERATING CONTEXT RISKS AND TURNING THEM INTO OPPORTUNITIES
A Davison, B Burford
In today’s corporate world, it is fundamentally important for enterprise leadership to recognise, understand and manage risk. Regulatory compliance is necessary but not sufficient, because there are many real and significant areas of risk that....
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   SUSTAINABLE WASTEWATER TREATMENT THROUGH BIOSOLIDS MANAGEMENT
A REVIEW OF TWO WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS IN THE UNITED STATES
A Cooper, W Bailey, C Rogers, D Solley, M Laginestra
Wastewater treatment represents significant energy consumption, and authorities are becoming increasingly aware of the urgent need to provide sustainable services in delivering services. Today, with a greater emphasis on energy efficiency and....
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   SEAWATER DESALINATION: A SUSTAINABLE SOLUTION TO WORLD WATER SHORTAGE
PLANNING, DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ADELAIDE DESALINATION PLANT
JE Blesing, C Pelekani
There are many parts of the world currently experiencing drought conditions combined with a water supply that is unfit for human consumption. Scarcity of water also results in reduced availability for food production. Alternative water sources are.....
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   AUTOMATED ANALYSIS OF METERED WATER CONSUMPTION
A REVIEW OF THE AUTOMATED ANALYSIS PROCESS DEVELOPED BY SA WATER

S Zhong, N Turich, P Hayde
SA Water collects and stores large amounts of customer meter data on a proprietary customer-billing platform. To inform infrastructure planning, SA Water Corporation has a need to generate analytics based on this data. Historically, the problem with...
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   PHOSPHORUS REMOVAL AT WASTEWATER TREATMENT WORKS
IMPLEMENTING NEW SLUDGE TREATMENT FACILITIES AT FOUR WELSH TREATMENT PLANTS TO AID PHOSPHORUS REMOVAL

N Walding
Dr Cymru Welsh Water (DCWW) is a major UK water business servicing most of Wales. Natural Resources Wales, the Welsh environmental regulator, dentified four wastewater treatment works (WWTWs) – Gowerton, Llanelli, Parc-y-splott and Pontyberem...
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