Water e-Journal

Water e-Journal

Water e-Journal is the premier online hub for water, science and technical paper publication in Australia.

All technical papers that are submitted will be considered for publication in Water e-Journal, with one-page Executive Summaries also considered for publication in ‘Current’ magazine.

Each paper goes through a rigorous quality control and peer-review evaluation process before being published.

The papers are peer-reviewed, with reviewers suggesting amendments if necessary. Once amendments are made by the author, the paper is edited, designed and published online in Water e-Journal. Executive Summaries are also published online, with links through to the full papers.

Technical papers should be submitted along with a 500-word Executive Summary, the relevant data and high-resolution graphics or images via Scholastica.

Please see the Submission Guidelines for details on word count, style and other requirements, or email journal@awa.asn.au for more information.

Submit your paper now

EXECUTIVE SUMMARIES


VOLUME 2 – ISSUE 4


  Bondi Beach PUTTING A VALUE ON CLEANER BEACHES IN SYDNEY
Socio-economic impact of the deepwater ocean outfalls 25 years on
N Nelson, M Mountford
Sydney Water’s Deepwater Ocean Outfall program at Manly, Bondi and Malabar began 25 years ago to contribute to cleaner water at Sydney’s coastal beaches. Alongside other changes to wastewater ...
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  Monitoring sewers INNOVATION IN CORROSION MONITORING IN SEWERS
Use of novel photonic sensors for humidity measurements in gravity sewers
H Bustamante, L S. M. Alwis, K T. V. Grattan, T Sun, L Vorreiter, J Gonzalez
Sydney Water’s current Sewer Rehabilitation Program costs about A$50m annually. The program relies on chemical addition to minimise hydrogen sulphide (H2S) transfer from the wastewater to the sewer ...
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  Ballarat BALLARAT’S MESSY PATH TO A WATER SENSITIVE CITY
A long term investigation of water management in a city
D Ebbs, P Dahlhaus , H Kandra
Water security is a vital part of ensuring a sustainable future. This is particularly true for many cities in Australia where relatively low rainfall, population growth, increasing demand and climate change places ...
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  Water running through hands THE WATER INDUSTRY’S ROLE IN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
Insights from contemporary public health studies in Victoria
F Pamminger
The water industry has always had a strong focus on health and wellbeing, but we have few effective ways to measure our contribution in this area. The industry made a large contribution to health wellbeing ...
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  Stormwater retention park OPTIMISATION OF WATER SENSITIVE URBAN DESIGN PRACTICES USING EVOLUTIONARY ALGORITHMS
The development and application of a framework to incorporate WSUD into an optimisation
C McPhail, S Vial, R van der Pennen, B Heidrich, Prof. A Simpson, Dr. J Cantone
Population growth and urban consolidation have resulted in a movement away from the natural landscape creating a greater proportion of impervious area and an increase in urban stormwater runoff. The ...
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  Maleny STP MALENY IMBR STP, IRRIGATED FOREST AND TREATMENT WETLAND
Two years in operation and more
R Kulkarni
In 2014, Unitywater, a water distributor/retailer in South-East Queensland, embraced an immersed membrane bioreactor (iMBR) technology at Maleny Sewage Treatment Plant (STP). Increasing process ...
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  Pipes PREDICTING SEWER CHOKES THROUGH MACHINE LEARNING
Advanced analytics to predict the number, location and type of chokes in sewer assets
B Cameron, M McGowan, C Mitchell, J Winder, R Kerr, M Zhang
In 2015, sewer chokes cost Sydney Water and its customers over $10 million. Sewer chokes are blockages typically caused by external factors such as tree roots, fats and grease, and foreign items in the ...
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  Strategy SYSTEM BLUEPRINTS
Aligning Short-Term Investment with Long-Term Strategy
A Jaiswal, C Moore, M Wilton, M Healey
Emerging trends and challenges including growth, community expectations, liveability, environmental requirements, changing climates and ageing assets are shaping a new direction for urban water utilities ...
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  Water sample IMPROVING THE DEVELOPER EXPERIENCE WITH WATER UTILITIES
Creating tailored offerings for developers
A Kirkwood
Urban centres throughout Australia are attempting to cope with very high levels of population growth. This growth means that the traditional mechanisms of providing housing is changing. While there are still ..
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VOLUME 2 – ISSUE 3


  Water sample BETTER PRACTICE CATCHMENT WATER QUALITY PLANNING FOR AUSTRALIA
A perspective on the National Water Quality Management Strategy
B Bycroft
Despite the importance and prevalence of catchment-based water quality planning in Australia, many applications lack a consistently logical and systematic approach and are likely doomed to failure. Based on  ...
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  Potable Water Hydrant BUILDING A WATER RESILIENT TOWN
Integrated water cycle saves water at Googong
C H Wong, K Hurley, C Harris
In the 2000’s, Australia experienced the Millennium Drought which affects water supply of almost all major cities. In the midst of the drought, a new township was being planned near the inland city of Queanbeyan...
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  Northern Territory THE ROLE OF MANAGED AQUIFER RECHARGE IN DEVELOPING NORTHERN AUSTRALIAN AGRICULTURE
Case studies to determine the economic feasibility
R Evans, L Lennon, G Hoxley, R Krake, D Yin Foo, C Schelfhout, J Simons
Managed aquifer recharge (MAR) is a commonly used technique in many countries to artificially increase the recharge rate over the wet season and hence increase the groundwater storage available during  ...
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  Analysis A NEW WAY TO MEASURE THE VALUE A COMPANY CREATES
Financial profit captures the value to the shareholder, while the Integrated Profit and Loss (IP&L) captures the value to society
F Pamminger, P Sukhdev, C Baldock
Critical to every company is knowing the value it creates. After all, isn’t that why a company exists? Historically, we have relied on traditional accounting profit and loss statements to measure performance ...
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  Groundwater GROUNDWATER ABSTRACTION IN THE ROPER REGION - NORTHERN TERRITORY
Developing the North – groundwater and agriculture
S MacFarlane, C Fairfield
When assessing the sustainability of water resources in the Roper region Tindall Limestone Aquifer (TLA), it is essential to balance the integrity of the environment, while maximising the potential of the ...
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  Murray River THE GOULBURN BROKEN WATER QUALITY STRATEGY 20 YEARS ON
Presenting outcomes of long term nutrient management in a large Victorian catchment
P Feehan, M Turner
The Goulburn Broken Water Quality Strategy (WQS) (GBREWQC, 1997) was originally developed in the mid-1990s. Strategy implementation was expected to occur over 20 years, finishing in 2016. Many ...
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  Water glass IS THE RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN GOING TO WORK?
Pillars for effective implementation
T Hasan
Poorly managed water supplies present a risk to the safety and aesthetic quality of drinking water. The greatest risk is from microbial contamination. In response to managing the risks and for protection ...
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  Deoxygenation site DEOXYGENATION OF COAL SEAM GAS PRODUCED ASSOCIATED WATER FOR MANAGED AQUIFER RECHARGE UTILISING MEMBRANE
TECHNOLOGY

A Practical Application of Gas-Transfer Membranes
B Murphy, K Yerrell
Analytical water quality is determined by measurement of a range of parameters; many of those parameters need to be determined following filtration to remove suspended matter and obtain a  ...
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  Water splash GETTING THE RIGHT RESULT
The importance of sample preparation
M Drikas, C Kapralos, E Kozlik, R Fabris
Analytical water quality is determined by measurement of a range of parameters; many of those parameters need to be determined following filtration to remove suspended matter and obtain a result for ...
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  Water meter YOU ARE MEASURING IT, BUT ARE YOU MANAGING IT?
The Role of Active Monitoring in Smart Metering
I Singh, G Hauber-Davidson
Water security and demand management are prominent issues whilst discussing Australia’s future. Smart metering has emerged as an integral tool in this regard. This paper argues that the true benefit ...
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VOLUME 2 – ISSUE 2


  Water treatment plant operator IMPROVING DECISION MAKING IN WATER PLANT OPERABILITY THROUGH BAYESIAN BELIEF NETWORKS
How to get more from existing instrumentation data to achieve better process performance
T Trinh, C Pelekani, G Leslie, P Le-Clech
The increase in stringency of water quality requirements in Australia has driven the need for improved data collection and process monitoring practices at water treatment plants. Despite the clear benefit ...
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  Water Backpack training in Africa EVALUATION OF A UTILIZED DOMESTICATED WATER TRANSPORT AND STORAGE DEVICE IN KENYA
Water transport and storage using a water backpack
PG Kirira, SM Karenga, GN Michuki
In developing countries, it is reported that as much as 80% of prevalent illnesses are linked to poor water and sanitation conditions. In Kenya, 43% of the people do not have access to clean water and  ...
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  Desalination Plant - Reverse Osmosis MEMBRANE CLEANING: FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE
Flexible cleaning regimes promote membrane permeability
C Liu
Low-pressure membranes (microfiltration and ultrafiltration) are increasingly replacing conventional water treatment processes as the result of more stringent regulations and greatly improved competitive ...
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  Sewerage Network IMPROVED LIQUID PHASE ODOUR CONTROL IN THE SEWERAGE NETWORK
A case study using Biosol in Griffith NSW
N Chandler
In January 2014, Biosol was awarded a public tender to treat the total Griffith City Council (GCC) sewer network for odour and corrosion control. By April 2014 the former dosing regimen of Magnesium...
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  MWSC Airport Reservoirs WATER CHALLENGES IN THE MARSHALL ISLANDS
Managing drought in a high rainfall Atoll country
A Gale, H deBrum
It is hard to believe that when a community receives in excess of 3000mm/year of rain (almost five times Melbourne’s average annual rainfall) that water could be so precious. Yet that is exactly the ...
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  Irrigated public open spaces IRRIGATED PUBLIC OPEN SPACES
Using a lawn irrigation trial to find a balanced fertilisation/ watering approach for use in the wet-dry tropics
R Hasan, C Fairfield
Irrigation consumes more water in Darwin than in many other cities in Australia. Darwin is the only Australian capital city not to have been subjected to water restrictions, and people in Darwin use ...
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  View of Hawkesbury River from Marramarra_NP TRANSLATING BIG DATA MODEL OUTPUT TO INFORM POLICY AND DECISION MAKING
Tools and techniques to turn strings of numbers into logical information for technical experts and the community
M van der Sterren, M Griffith, S Manning, P Tate, J Dixon
Sydney Water was recently faced with this challenge following the completion of the Hawkesbury-Nepean River and South Creek model. This paper presents different techniques used to analyse the ...
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  Fire hydrant PERFORMANCE UNDER STRESS
Calibration of Redcliffe Water Supply Network
K Goraya, J Xu
In general, water hydraulic models in Queensland are validated only for seasonal max hour demand conditions for long term planning. Under these conditions, the observed head loss is small in comparison ...
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  Wastewater Treatment Plant UNDERSTANDING NAEGLERIA FOWLERI
A Different Type of Pathogen, An Increasing Climate Change Threat
C Laydon
As Australians, we are used to dealing with warmer climatic conditions, and over the last six months we have seen a number of climate records being broken. With our changing climate these extremes ...
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  Wastewater Treatment Plant ODOUR CONTROL AT A WWTP IN A COMBINED STORMWATER SEWAGE CATCHMENT TREATING DOMESTIC AND INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER
Effects of managing WWTP odour through the addition of ferrous chloride
J Barrnett
TasWater operates the Ti-Tree Bend (TTB) wastewater treatment plant (WWTP), a continuous mixed activated sludge (CMAS) plant, in Launceston, Tasmania ...
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  WWTP THE NEXT STEP: UPGRADE OF THE MEMBRANE BIOREACTOR AT NORTH HEAD RECYCLED WATER PLANT
After nine years of operation, SWC considered options to cater for the increased demand for recycled water at North Head WWTP
K Chow, D Connaire, G James, P Zauner
The Recycled Water Plant (RWP) at Sydney Water Corporation's (SWC) North Head Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) was commissioned in August 2005. The RWP consists of a Membrane Bioreactor...
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VOLUME 2 – ISSUE 1


  Water drop CALCULATING UNCERTAINTY IN THE SUPPLY-DEMAND BALANCE
C Reed, J Reed & C Green
Outage and headroom are concepts that are included in some form in many water utilities’ approach to water resource planning. Outage represents an allowance for a reduction in source or treatment ...
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  Water drop LIFTING THE ‘BIG DATA’ VEIL
Creating Value through Applied Data Science
P Prevos
The words “Big Data” have become synonymous with promises of boundless benefits. Big Data algorithms are attributed almost mystical capabilities to improve the experience of customers or optimise  ...
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  Water Policy THE IMPACT ON DEVELOPMENT AND INVESTMENT OF WATER LAW AND POLICY FRAMEWORKS IN NORTHERN AUSTRALIA:
A review             
M Hartley
The obvious challenge in water law in Northern Australia arises from legal inconsistency across jurisdictions. In the absence of a Commonwealth referral of power from WA and QLD, as illustrated in the ...
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  Shijiazhuang Botanical Gardens BACTEROIDALES: REVOLUTIONISING MICROBIAL SOURCE TRACKING
The age of using Escherichia coli and Enterococci sp. as standard faecal indicator bacteria is coming to an end.
B J Tillett, V Pettigrove
Managers of recreational waterways are increasingly concerned with health risks associated with human faecal contamination. Currently Escherichia coli and Enterococci sp. are the standard indicators ...
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  Shijiazhuang Botanical Gardens THE EVOLUTION OF LOW IMPACT DEVELOPMENT
Water Sensitive Urban Design and its extension to China as “sponge cities”
J C Radcliffe
Since the 1980s, there has been recognition that urban development should take account of the natural water cycle, seeking to manage water flows as would have occurred on the original greenfield ...
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  Woman drinking water INCREASING THE TRANSPARENCY OF WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT
Health-based targets offer opportunity to improve insights on drinking water safety
C Owens, M Angles, M Crabtree
It is intuitive to judge the safety of drinking water principally on an observed absence of contamination. This was the case at the birth of modern drinking water quality management: in 1855 John Snow ...
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   REDUCING PUMPING POWER COSTS BY VARIABLE SPEED PUMPING
The missing link between the system curve and variable speed pump curve reveals the benefits, and potential pitfalls, of variable speed drives
T Leyden
Power consumption is an expense that often drives capital expenditure decisions and maintenance schedules to ensure it is minimised. By thorough understanding of the relationship between the ...
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   WATER TRADING IN THE MELBOURNE REGION
Discussion on the drivers and barriers to water trading
H Eggestrand, K Gan, M Moglia
Since the Millennial Drought, the Melbourne Region has moved towards a more secure water supply system through the construction of a desalination plant and the North-South Pipeline. In addition, there ...
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   CURRENT ISSUES IN WATER DEMAND MODELS BEING USED IN AUSTRALIA: A SURVEY
Reviewing the current demand forecasting models used by water authorities and agencies in Australia
R Sarker and S Gato-Trinidad
Water demand modelling is traditionally based on population growth and standards based on historical records of water consumption. Climate change, drought, increasing growth in population, agriculture ...
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VOLUME 1 – ISSUE 4


   MAXIMISING SEWERAGE ASSET DATA: A DESKTOP TOOL TO RANK SEWAGE PUMP STATION CAPACITY
A data-driven decision making tool to monitor critical sewerage infrastructures
F Bressan, S Zhong, N Turich
The electronic age – or as some term it, the Fourth Industrial Revolution1 – has propelled the amount of available data being recorded. This is no different for a water utility such as the South Australian Water ...
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digital strategy    A DIGITAL STRATEGY FOR LAND DEVELOPMENT
How Yarra Valley Water saved costs, optimised resources and enhanced online customer experience through their easyACCESS portal
A Alchin
Yarra Valley Water (YVW) has implemented the easyACCESS system, with an industry first FICO (Fair Isaacs Corporation) business rules engine to map processes and streamline the decision-making for the ...
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Bacteria detection    DETECTION METHODS FOR FAECAL CONTAMINATION EVENTS: THE GAP FOR AUSTRALIA
Trends in pathogen detection and recent developments in the field of pathogenic bacteria detection
J Chapman, A Anastasi, A Power, S Chandra, L Voss, P Rajapaksha and S Cosford
This review paper analyses the trends in pathogen detection and other recent developments in the field. The detection of pathogenic microorganisms is essential to end-users of water systems, particularly if the ...
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Water supply catchments    AIDING WATER UTILITIES CONSIDERING DEVELOPMENT PLANNING WITHIN OPEN WATER SUPPLY CATCHMENT
Top ten learnings from planning tribunals in Victoria regarding development within open potable water supply catchments
K Billington, D Deere
Victoria has specific statutory planning provisions for developments on land in an open drinking water catchment. As a referral authority, water utilities can object to a planning permit application where the risk to ...
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Rainwater tanks    USING MARKET BASED INSTRUMENTS TO DELIVER COST-EFFECTIVE STORMWATER MANAGEMENT OUTCOMES
Outcomes from an innovative pilot study
J Cheesman, L Harvey, CJ Walsh
This paper reports the results of a market-based instrument (MBI) pilot, an outcome-based auction, for installing rainwater tanks on homes in Dobsons Creek which runs through the peri-urban community of the ...
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Construction of community garden beds on Melbourne Water land    OUR SPACE, YOUR PLACE: OPENING WATER UTILITY LAND FOR LIVEABILITY
A new online application from Melbourne Water
K Naylor
Melbourne Water is the largest land owner in Victoria after the crown, and our land is now available for projects that benefit the wider community. Big or small, short- or long-term, we are interested in a wide variety ...
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Business Representatives at a Design Workshop    BUSINESS-CENTRIC CHANGE MANAGEMENT
How a business-centric change management approach delivered positive project outcomes for Yarra Valley Water
M-L Han
With often-massive investments made by businesses when implementing new information technology (IT) systems, there’s an ever-increasing interest in successful IT projects. This paper shares the lessons learnt ...
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Recent water and sewerage infrastructure upgrades in one Aboriginal community    NEW SOUTH WALES ABORIGINAL COMMUNITIES WATER AND SEWERAGE PROGRAM
Improving the health and wellbeing of Aboriginal people living in discrete communities by providing safe and effective water and sewerage services
W Henderson, P Byleveld, J Standen, S Leask
The New South Wales Aboriginal Communities Water and Sewerage Program aims to improve the health and wellbeing of Aboriginal people living in discrete communities by providing safe and effective water and ...
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Launch of new online map for leaks and breaks    LAUNCH OF NEW ONLINE MAP FOR LEAKS AND BREAKS
How Sydney Water is keeping their customers at the heart of what they do
P Ambrosoli
Sydney Water supplies over 1.4 billion litres of drinking water to homes and businesses each day through a network of over 21,000 kilometres of watermains.  Both planned and unplanned water outages cause customer ...
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Channel widening near Alexandra Canal outfall (artist’s impression)    GREEN SQUARE: PROTECTING COMMUNITIES AND ENABLING URBAN RENEWAL THROUGH EFFECTIVE FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT
An outline of an innovative design and construction solution, including a new 2.5km underground stormwater drain.
N Taylor, D Kent, K Woodbury, M Lewis, S Muralitharan
The Green Square Stormwater Drain (GSSD) is the culmination of a strategic alignment between City of Sydney and Sydney Water to provide flood protection in the Green Square area. Through a complex process ...
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VOLUME 1 – ISSUE 3

   CATCHMENT MANAGEMENT INVESTMENT STANDARD
An overview of the key findings from the ‘Source Catchments as Water Quality Treatment Assets Project’
C Wearing, J Cheesman, S Skull, G Ramachandran, K Henderson
Water utilities undertake catchment management for a variety of reasons. Catchment management programs may be a regulatory requirement to complement conventional water treatment, or they may be voluntary...
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   IMPROVED TRADE WASTE CO-DIGESTION
A trial showing that digestion with recuperative thickening is effective to reduce digester process inhibition risks and improve FOG loading rate in municipal digesters.
JH Thiele, P Burt, M Monaghan
The combined anaerobic digestion (co-digestion) of municipal wastewater treatment plant biosolids and trade waste (food residuals, selected industrial processing waste and grease trap waste) to biogas and...
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   KEEPING WIPES OUT OF THE PIPES
Sydney Water’s educational program to influence customer behaviour
K Smith, C Kawtal
Question: Four blue whales, 60 Tyrannosaurus Rex, 20 buses, a fully loaded Sydney train, a jumbo jet… What do all these things have in common? Answer: They are all about 500 tonnes in weight – which equates ...
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   LIVING BROOKLYN: INDUSTRIAL REMEDIATION THROUGH WATER
An Integrated Water Cycle Management (IWCM) strategy to reduce water and air pollution from the Brooklyn Industrial Precinct
S Roberts, T Dixon, A Gray, R Jones, D Browne
The Brooklyn Industrial Precinct (BIP) is a major industrial and business hub located in Melbourne’s inner west. The BIP and adjacent areas downwind suffer the highest levels of air pollution in greater Melbourne...
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   A RISK-BASED APPROACH FOR MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION OF WET-WEATHER OVERFLOWS
Managing and prioritising wet-weather overflows to deliver better, more cost-effective outcomes
C Port, F Garofalow, M Cassidy, N Abulafia, T Chen, C Cantrell
Overflow points in Sydney’s wastewater system allow excess wastewater to flow to stormwater drains or waterways in heavy rain to avoid flooding of homes and businesses. Sydney Water is regulated for...
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   ECONOMIC IMPACT OF ST JOHNS RIVER WATER QUALITY ON PROPERTY VALUES
A study examining the proximity effects of water quality on house prices in the St Johns River system in Florida, US
V Seidel, C Diamond, P Yacobellis, A Barker, C Cortez
The St Johns River is located on the east coast of north Florida in the US. It is approximately 500km long and 5km wide at its widest point. The river flows through 12 counties and about 3.5 million...
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   IN-SITU DESALINATION FOR CLIMATE-RESILIENT IRRIGATION DESIGN PROGRAM
Performance of two commercial membranes to configure a membrane-based subsurface irrigation system for germinating bean seeds
V Lima, P Le-Clech, G Leslie, B Sutton
The use of water with a high presence of total dissolved solids (TDS) can cause deleterious effects on both plant growth and soil quality. In order to mitigate these impacts, the removal of salts...
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   SYDNEY WATER’S CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE DESIGN PROGRAM
TRANSFORMING INTO A CUSTOMER-CENTRIC ORGANISATION
M Storey, A Nair, J Isben, R Davies, D Kernahan
To inform and support Sydney Water’s transformation to a customer-centric organisation, a Customer Experience (Cx) Design program of work was initiated. The first phase of this program was recently...
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   WSUD STRATEGIES TO MINIMISE THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND URBANISATION ON URBAN SEWERAGE SYSTEMS
A study to quantify the impacts of implementing rainwater tanks in terms of minimising SSOs
T Nasrin, N Muttil, AK Sharma
Urban drainage systems are frequently unable to cope with increasingly intense storm events, mainly due to non-stationary climate and rapid urbanisation. As drainage systems become less efficient ...
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   WATER SCARCITY AND INTERSTATE CONFLICT
NEO-MALTHUSIANISM VS. RESOURCE OPTIMISM – A SOCIAL CAPITAL APPROACH
A Kosovac
Water scarcity is an increasingly important issue in a world of changing climate and neo-Malthusians argue that it will lead to increased conflict between states. Resource optimists, who view water as far too...
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   REMOVAL OF HEAVY METALS FROM STORMWATER RUNOFF BY A PASSIVE MULTI-BARRIER TREATMENT SYSTEM
FIELD EVALUATION AT GLENCORE’S BULK STORAGE FACILITY IN PORT OF TOWNSVILLE
K Athanasiadis, P McFadyen, M Brennan
A series of white papers and articles published in peer-reviewed journals have focused on the challenge of evaluating stormwater runoff quality and the ability of commercially available stormwater runoff devices...
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   THE PARRAMATTA RIVER WATERWAY IMPROVEMENT PLAN
IMPLEMENTING WSUD STORMWATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS TO IMPROVE THE HEALTH OF THE PARRAMATTA RIVER
T Nadesan
The purpose of the Parramatta River Waterway Improvement Plan is to implement a series of integrated stormwater management projects that will help improve the ecological and social value of Parramatta River ...
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   ASSESSMENT OF IMPACTS FROM A WASTEWATER DISCHARGE IN A WHOLEOF- CATCHMENT CONTEXT
A STUDY OF THE IMPACT OF DISCHARGES FROM GISBORNE RWP IN VICTORIA ON THE HEALTH OF JACKSONS CREEK
K Hassell, C Kellar, K Townsend, M Arora, K Berg, A May, V Pettigrove
Current treated wastewater discharge licenses are quite prescriptive and focus on compliance of trigger values for certain water quality parameters (e.g. nutrients and suspended solids) in the receiving waterway to...
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VOLUME 1 – ISSUE 2


   SELLING ICE TO ESKIMOS
RETHINKING DEMAND MANAGEMENT WHEN YOU ARE NOT IN DROUGHT
C Agnew, P Mulley, N Quinn, N Thatcher, D Lambert
Sydney Water has a rich history in demand management. Water efficiency began in 1999 with Waterfix, the first and largest program in terms of customer participation. In 2007, water scarcity was the most important ...
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   BROADENING THE TARGETS FOR MICROBIAL WATER QUALITY
HOW THE CLOSE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN BACTERIA COMMUNITY COMPOSITION AND ELEVATED NUTRIENTS IN ESTUARIES COULD BE EXPLOITED
TO SELECT A RANGE OF WATER QUALITY INDICATORS
K Gibb, M Kaestli, J Smith, K McGuinness
DNA technologies give us an unprecedented opportunity to broaden microbial water quality targets for routine monitoring. It is now well understood that the conventional indicators Escherichia coli and enterococci can...
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   ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT OF WASTEWATER DISCHARGES
INFORMING SENSIBLE OUTCOMES
A Laidlaw, J Day, J Mullins
North East Water implemented an ecological risk assessment (ERA) program for wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) discharges in 2008. The aim of an ERA is to use science to determine the level of risk that a waste...
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   EVALUATION OF THE UPGRADE EFFECTS IN FOUR SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANTS IN NSW, AUSTRALIA
ANALYSING THE CONSEQUENCES OF QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE UPGRADES IN SEWAGE TREATMENT
M Lequerica, R McInnes
Bacterial contamination, dissolved oxygen depletion and eutrophication are the most common negative environmental impacts of untreated sewage discharges on rivers and freshwater streams. The intensification of...
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   UNDERSTANDING INTEGRATED URBAN WATER MANAGEMENT AS AN IDEOLOGY, METHOD AND OBJECTIVE
AN INVESTIGATION INTO INDUSTRY PERCEPTIONS OF IUWM AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION IN MELBOURNE
C Furlong, RMIT University Melbourne; S De Silva, RMIT University Melbourne; L Guthrie, RMIT University Melbourne
Over the past three years the authors have investigated the international evolution of Integrated Urban Water Management (IUWM) and its implementation within Melbourne. Research findings have shown that there may...
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   MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR AEROBIC TREATMENT UNITS AND GREYWATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS IN WA
A REVIEW OF AREAS THAT COULD BE IMPROVED AND SPECIFIC RECOMMENDATIONS OFFERED
T McGrath, N Shishkina, R Theobald, C Rodrigues
Aerobic Treatment Units (ATU) and Greywater Treatment Systems (GTS) are electrically driven onsite wastewater treatment systems (OWTS) designed to treat wastewater to secondary effluent quality standards. ATU are ...
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   WATER MANAGEMENT IN NSW AND COLOMBIA: SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES
RESULTS OF AN ANALYSIS CONDUCTED OF BOTH NSW AND COLOMBIAN FRAMEWORKS
J Canon, IPART
Due to its interstate water-sharing requirements, social, economic and environmental pressures, and dry and highly variable climatic conditions compared to international standards, New South Wales has faced challenging...
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   INDUSTRY PARTNERSHIPS IN POLAR REGIONS SCIENCE
IMPLICATIONS FOR MUNICIPAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL WATER TREATMENT
K Northcott, B Freidman, G Stevens, I Snape, K Mumford
Industry participation in water and waste management projects in polar areas presents opportunities for improvement of treatment technologies in the broader global context. For this reason it is useful for industry to build strong ...
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   DEEP OCEAN OUTFALLS – A SUSTAINABLE OPTION FOR SYDNEY
WHY DEEPWATER OCEAN OUTFALLS ARE A VIABLE SOLUTION FOR ONGOING DISPOSAL OF WASTEWATER IN SYDNEY
P Tate, C Marvell
Sydney Water’s three deep ocean outfalls (servicing the wastewater treatment plants at North Head, Bondi and Malabar) were commissioned in the early 1990s and turn 25 years of age in 2015/16. Combined, the outfalls service the...
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   ENERGY AND NUTRIENT FACTORY AT AMERSFOORT WWTP IN THE NETHERLANDS
RECOVERY OF ENERGY AND NUTRIENTS FROM WASTE-ACTIVATED SLUDGE AND WASTEWATER
L Kox, B Geraats
Amersfoort wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in The Netherlands is owned and operated by Dutch Waterboard Vallei & Veluwe. In 2013, Eliquo Water & Energy was awarded the project to upgrade the existing wastewater and sludge ...
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   ACCELERATING IMPLEMENTATION OF EXTRACTIVE NUTRIENT RECOVERY AS AN INTEGRAL COMPONENT OF SUSTAINABLE NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT                         
FINDINGS OF THE RECENTLY COMPLETED WATER ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH FOUNDATION (WERF) STUDY ON EXTRACTIVE NUTRIENT RECOVERY
S Jeyanayagam, W Khunjar, A Pramanik, C Mehta
Nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) are life-essential macronutrients. Production of synthetic fertilisers containing N and P is an energy-intensive....
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   REPORT ON ‘FRAMEWORK FOR DIRECT POTABLE REUSE’
A CRITIQUE ON THE CHAPTERS ON SOURCE CONTROL AND WASTEWATER TREATMENT
IB Law
The report Framework for Direct Potable Reuse, released in mid-2015 by the WateReuse Research Foundation in conjunction with the American Water Works Association, the Water Environment Federation and the National Water Research....
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VOLUME 1 – ISSUE 1


   THE WATER SAFETY CONTINUUM
A PRACTICAL WAY TO IMPLEMENT A HEALTH-BASED TARGET FOR MICROBIAL WATER QUALITY
R Walker
Best practice for managing drinking water quality is now accepted to be the use of Health Based Targets (HBTs). This approach is based on the fact that pathogenic microorganisms pose the greatest risk of water-borne disease, and that....
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   WESTERNPORT WATER COWES WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT UPGRADE PROJECT
A REVIEW OF CWWTP’S MASTER PLAN AND PROJECT DEVELOPMENT PHASE
C Jayasena, J Anderson
Westernport Water provides water supply and wastewater collection and treatment services to an area of 300km2 about 100km south east of Melbourne, centred on the holiday resort of Phillip Island. Although the serviced area only has a....
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   ULTRAFILTRATION MEMBRANES FOR CLARIFIER AND BACKWASH WASTEWATER
THE PILOT TRIAL RESULTS OF A GROUNDWATER CLEAN-UP PROJECT AT THE BOTANY GROUNDWATER TREATMENT PLANT IN SYDNEY
P El Jbeily, F Barendregt, K Clark, F Akkawi
The Botany Groundwater Treatment Plant (GTP), located in Sydney, NSW, forms a major component of the Groundwater Cleanup Project being undertaken by Orica and Chemicals Division (now Ixom Operations) to clean up contaminated...
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   THE MERITS OF RISK MANAGEMENT: COMPLIANCE AS AN INVESTMENT
EFFECTIVE RISK MANAGEMENT INCLUDES MANAGEMENT AND MITIGATION OF OPERATING CONTEXT RISKS AND TURNING THEM INTO OPPORTUNITIES
A Davison, B Burford
In today’s corporate world, it is fundamentally important for enterprise leadership to recognise, understand and manage risk. Regulatory compliance is necessary but not sufficient, because there are many real and significant areas of risk that....
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   SUSTAINABLE WASTEWATER TREATMENT THROUGH BIOSOLIDS MANAGEMENT
A REVIEW OF TWO WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS IN THE UNITED STATES
A Cooper, W Bailey, C Rogers, D Solley, M Laginestra
Wastewater treatment represents significant energy consumption, and authorities are becoming increasingly aware of the urgent need to provide sustainable services in delivering services. Today, with a greater emphasis on energy efficiency and....
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   SEAWATER DESALINATION: A SUSTAINABLE SOLUTION TO WORLD WATER SHORTAGE
PLANNING, DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ADELAIDE DESALINATION PLANT
JE Blesing, C Pelekani
There are many parts of the world currently experiencing drought conditions combined with a water supply that is unfit for human consumption. Scarcity of water also results in reduced availability for food production. Alternative water sources are.....
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   AUTOMATED ANALYSIS OF METERED WATER CONSUMPTION
A REVIEW OF THE AUTOMATED ANALYSIS PROCESS DEVELOPED BY SA WATER

S Zhong, N Turich, P Hayde
SA Water collects and stores large amounts of customer meter data on a proprietary customer-billing platform. To inform infrastructure planning, SA Water Corporation has a need to generate analytics based on this data. Historically, the problem with...
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   PHOSPHORUS REMOVAL AT WASTEWATER TREATMENT WORKS
IMPLEMENTING NEW SLUDGE TREATMENT FACILITIES AT FOUR WELSH TREATMENT PLANTS TO AID PHOSPHORUS REMOVAL

N Walding
Dr Cymru Welsh Water (DCWW) is a major UK water business servicing most of Wales. Natural Resources Wales, the Welsh environmental regulator, dentified four wastewater treatment works (WWTWs) – Gowerton, Llanelli, Parc-y-splott and Pontyberem...
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